Newspaper clipping from the Rutland Daily Herald, November 5, 1927
Initial reports in the Rutland Daily Herald on November 5 of the collapse of the reservoir supplying the Vermont capitol proved overstated in the following days, but the city did nonetheless sustain heavy damage during the 1927 Flood when, according to USGS reports, the Winooski River overtopped its banks by more than 3 feet over previous records.
Postcard images above and below from Middlebury College Special Collections and Archives
The Rialto Bridge, built in 1915 was 70 feet long over the Winooski River, constructed of steel I-beams in concrete, it withstood the flood.
These photos from the area around State Street in Montpelier on November 5, 1927 illustrate the devastation.
Sanborn Fire Insurance Map of the State Street-area of Montpelier, Vermont in 1899 - photo: US Library of Congress
Previous to 1927, although no measured rainfall data are available, historical records indicate that over March 5-6, 1826, "Montpelier - then a village - was almost entirely inundated, and much loss of farm stock resulted" when "torrential" storm hovered over the region.
Table from the 1927 USGS report
Today, the Institute for Sustainable Communities' Vermont Roadmap to Resilience, still ranks flooding as the most probable hazard to occur in Vermont and cause the most damage. The Institute's report presents a series of structural and non-structural mitigation efforts to offset future impacts from flooding.